The Allegheny National Recreation Area is comprised of more
than 23,000 acres around Kinzua Lake and Warren PA

Panoramic view of Warren PA from Washington Park
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For further reading:
The Irvine Story, by Nicholas Wainwright, published by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1964.
Details the founding of Warren by the general who led the Pennsylvania contingent of the 10,000
troops sent by General Washington to put down a rebellion in Pittsburgh. Includes document showing
that General William Irvine purchased the land where Warren is situated for 15 Pounds in 1792. His
descendants lived in the area until 1963. They donated the land on which Warren General Hospital
was built.

The French Invasion of Western Pennsylvania, 1753. Published by the Pennsylvania Historical
and Museum Commission. This book written by Donald H. Kent in 1954 draws extensively on
documents from Canadian archives.

Washington: A Life, published in 2010 by Penguin Press. It won the Pulitzer Prize for History.
Author Ron Chernow does a miraculous job of distilling our first President's personal documents,
which were voluminous.

Forth To The Wilderness, The First American Frontier 1754-1774 by Dale Van Every, published
in 1961 is just loaded with fascinating details including Buffalo right in this part of the country!

The Legends of the Iroquois, Told By The Cornplanter was published in 1904 and includes
authentic, first-person accounts of Chief Cornplanter in the preface. Cornplanter died in 1836 and
claimed to have lived through the French and Indian War, The American Revolutionary War, and the
The War of 1812. He may been born around 1750 but legend has it that he lived more than a
century. Click on the link above and read it for free.
Road marker erected by the Pennsylvania
Historical and Museum Commission,
located at the Pennsylvania Avenue bridge
over the Conewango Creek in Warren, PA.
The northern Allegheny River area was settled
long before Europeans arrived. Seneca nation
Ohio River (that's what they still call the Allegheny
River). There were villages at Kinzua, Conewango,
Brokenstraw, Tidioute, and Tionesta creeks. They
lived in cabins and grew corn while taking
advantage of the excellent fishing.

European settlers kept the names of
Kinzua, PA, Tidioute, PA, and Tionesta, PA, named
respectively for the Kinzua Creek, Tidioute Creek,
and Tionesta Creek.

The town name where the Brokenstraw Creek
empties into the Allegheny is now called
Youngsville, PA. Brokenstraw had been the largest
village and the first spot settled by Europeans in
Warren County, PA at Irvine, PA.

Welcome to Warren PA, a local guide to home of
Washington Park,
Warren, PA
Road Not Taken: If you look closely at the above photo, just above the
Hickory Street Bridge in the center and just below the white refinery
storage tank, you will see the confluence of the Conewango Creek as it
appeared to explorers in the mid-18th century.

They claimed the land you are looking at for France and that started the
French and Indian War. The French plan was to send an armada of river
craft to the confluence of the Monogahela and the Allegheny Rivers to the
present site of Pittsburgh, uniting New France with its possessions in
Louisiana, effectively sealing off British expansion.

However, for a variety of reasons, the armada took a different route, from
present-day Erie, PA to French Creek to get to the Allegheny River. This
turned out be a bad idea. The project was a disaster because French
Creek was not as navigable as the Conewango Creek. The armada never
really arrived. The woefully under-supplied French abandoned Fort
Duquesne which the British re-named Fort Pitt, or PIttsburgh.

Perhaps no European was more-traveled in this part
of the frontier than George Washington, a land surveyor who owned and
laid claim to huge tracts of land in western Pennsylvania. It is interesting to
speculate that he may have scouted the scene depicted here and surely
understood its strategic importance. We do know that Washington led to
respect for its inhabitants and crucial diplomacy with the Seneca nation,
particularly with Chief Cornplanter, who visited Washington in the nation's
capital in Philadelphia.

Independence and European settlement of Western Pennsylvania.
After the French and Indian War, the British government had forbidden
colonists from settling here. When George Washington won the American
Revolutionary War it opened up the land you see in the above photo to
European settlement and Warren County PA was established during his
second term of office as the first U.S. President, in 1795.

Warren County's Most Famous Resident did not speak English. In
honor of Chief Cornplanter's contribution to American independence, the
State of Pennsylvania erected the nation's first monument to a native
American, which can now be seen at the Riverview-Corydon Cemetery in
Warren County. A life-size painting of Chief Cornplanter greets visitors at
the first exhibit at the Yorktown American Revolutionary War Museum in
Tap or Click on any photo to view
succeeding pages.

Above photo was taken from Washington
Park. The land for the park was donated in
1922 to honor our nation's founder, George
Washington, the person most responsible for
acquiring the Ohio country (Western
Pennsylvania) for the United States.
An Allegheny Almanac